In the early days of Chicago the first permanent resident was a trader named Jean Baptiste Point du Sable who was a free black man from Haiti who came by in late 1770s and decided to reside here. The city was burned down by the Native Americans in 1812 and was then re-built and demolished in 1857.
Then later again in 1871, a fire destroyed one-third of the Chicago and left more than 100,000 people homeless. The initial cause is still unknown but it worsened with drought, high winds and wooden buildings. However, even after such a catastrophe the city rebuilt itself rapidly. Read more about Chicago here.
The first skyscraper in the world was first built in Chicago, which was a 10-story Home Insurance Building. Chicago had re-built itself quickly and after 22 years it celebrated its comeback by holding the World’s Columbian Exposition of 1893. Even when the Great Depression hit all of the United States, Chicago still managed to hold strong and in 1933 and 1934 the city held a similarly successful Century of Progress Exposition on the Northerly Island.
Across the nation social disturbances surrounding World War 1 had brought many African-Americans to Chicago from the South. These people found various opportunities here. Later on tumults arose between the newcomers and the established Irish, Polish and German groups that lead to the bombing of various African-American homes.
After the war years in around 1950 and 1960 the population of Chicago shrank for the first time when people moved out to the suburban areas. The poor neighborhoods were replaced with huge public housing that solved very few of the violence and poverty problems. Finally in 1968 riots gave way to anger which was followed by the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.
The city then became notorious all over the world for the rate of domestic murders committed there were too high. The murders were both committed to preserve the masculine authority and some were due to the ethnic and cultural differences between the people that dwelled there.
In 1942 the world’s first controlled nuclear reaction was conducted at the University of Chicago and in 1945 US Steel was the largest single employer of 18000 workers and then after a few decades the enormous restructuring in the industry lead to unemployment of thousands of people.
Since the early 1990s Chicago has seen a big turnaround and the city has grown with new immigrants that belong to various ethnic groups, creating many new restaurants in the process.
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